Bikaner is a city in the north Indian state of Rajasthan, east of the border with Pakistan. It is surrounded by the Thar Desert. The city is known for the 16th-century Junagarh Fort, a huge complex of ornate buildings and halls. Within the fort, the Prachina Museum displays traditional textiles and royal portraits. Nearby, the Karni Mata Temple is home to many rats considered sacred by Hindu devotees.
To the west is the 16th-century Shri Laxminath Temple, built of marble and red stone. Close by, the Jain Temple Bhandasar features an intricately carved tower and colorful murals. In the city center, the Ganga Government Museum exhibits clay pottery, old coins, and Rajput weapons. Devi Kund Sagar, east of Bikaner, is lined with grand memorials dedicated to rulers of the Bikaji dynasty, who were cremated at this site. Also on the outskirts of the city, the National Research Centre on Camel is a breeding center with a museum documenting the important role of camels in the desert.