Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa known for its dramatic landscape and diverse wildlife, much of it within parks, reserves, and safari areas. On the Zambezi River, Victoria Falls make a thundering 108m drop into narrow Batoka Gorge, where there are white-water rafting and bungee-jumping. Downstream are Matusadona and Mana Pools national parks, home to hippos, rhinos, and birdlife.
Another prime game-viewing destination is the massive Hwange National Park, whose mopane woods and grasslands host species from lions and elephants to the African wild dog. The Chimanimani Mountains and other rugged Eastern Highlands terrain are popular for hiking, while unusual rock formations attract visitors to the granite domes of Matobo Hills and the Epworth Balancing Rocks, southeast of the capital, Harare. The country's many Bantu ruins include Great Zimbabwe, a sprawling walled city, once a royal capital, dating to 1100.